Besiktas JK Information
Akaretler Spor Caddesi No:92, Besiktas-Istanbul
Besiktas JK History
Besiktas is a Turkish football
club from Istanbul. Its home is the 35 thousand spectator
capacity Inönü Stadyumu, located by the Bosphorus, near the
When Besiktas was founded, the colors of the club were red and
white, the same colors used in the Turkish flag. After the
Balkan Wars in 1912-1913, the Ottoman Empire lost most of its
territories in the Balkans, and casualties included some of the
sportsmen of the club.
Besiktas decided to change its red and white colors to black and
white, to commemorate the losses in the war (black being the
symbol of mourning), until all of the Balkan lands were taken
back by the Turks. As this did not happen, the colors of the
club have remained black and white since then.
Besiktas Gymnastics Club (Besiktas Jimnastik Kulübü) was founded
under the name of "Besiktas Bereket Gymnastics Club" in March
1903. Kemal Ataturk's modern Turkey was not yet born. It was the
time of the Turkish Ottoman Empire, and the sultan was
Abdulhamit. Although in those days, all club and sports
activities were forbidden, 26 young people managed to found the
club nevertheless. In a short time, many other young people also
joined Besiktas and the club became larger. Samil Osman Bey was
the first president of the club. Although they were working on
different branches, they held all of their activities in secret.
The first branches of the club were wrestling, boxing, weight-lifting
and a variety of gymnastics branches.
The monarchical rules were relaxed with the declaration of
Mesrutiyet (a limited form of democracy) on July 23, 1908. A law
allowing the foundation of sport clubs was declared on August 3,
Finally, the club was officially registered on January 20, 1910
under the name of "Besiktai Ottoman Gymnastics Club", and Sükrü
Pasha took over the presidency of Besiktas. In this way,
Besiktas became the first officially registered Turkish sports
Soccer and Besiktas
Some of the young patriots from the neighborhood Besiktas
district in Istanbul formed two soccer clubs called "Valideçesme"
and "Basiret", under the leadership of Seref Bey. They were not
members of Besiktas Gymnastics Club. One day they came together
and Seref Bey said: "Besiktas Ottoman Gymnastics Club is the
strongest and biggest club of Besiktas. If we want to think big,
we should come together under Besiktas Ottoman Gymnastics Club."
"Valideçesme" and "Basiret" soccer clubs joined Besiktas Ottoman
Gymnastics Club in 1911. In a very short time, soccer became the
foremost branch in the club.
It was the last week of the season of 1932-1933 in the Istanbul
Amateur League, and the final match was between Fenerbahçe and
Besiktas. Fenerbahçe were the league leaders, and Besiktas had
trailed by 2 points. As the teams drew, Fenerbahçe were the
Seref Bey, who brought soccer to Besiktas, died just one day
before the big match, because of his illness. June 16, 1933 was
the day the final match was to be played. Either Besiktas or
Fenerbahçe were going to be the champions. Before the match, all
the players of Besiktas were very sad. Nobody was talking in the
team, everyone was silent. Suddenly Hakki Yeten, one of the
players, stood up and said to his teammates "If Seref Bey were
alive, he would want us to win this match." After that, all the
players stood up, and ran onto the field to do their best. It
was the first time Besiktas was playing in a black uniform, the
symbol of mourning, symbolyzing the sadness of dead of Seref
Bey. The match started. Fenerbahçe were mostly defending, on
account of the fact that all they needed was to play for a
single point. Besiktas were attacking. In the 24th minute, Nazim
scored a goal for Besiktas, and the fans of Besiktas started
shouting, but the referee cancelled the goal because of offside.
Most of the game was played in the Fenerbahçe's half side.
Besiktas attacked 66 times in 90 minutes. But the match finished
goalless, making Fenerbahçe the champion. After the match,
although Besiktas were not the champions, everyone was talking
about the great performance:
-What a team it was!
-They attacked 66 times in 90 minutes!
-They attacked like eagles.
-Yes. They were like black eagles...
Despite the fact that on that day Besiktas failed to win the
championship, they won something seen to be more important than
that, the nickname of "The Black Eagles".
The emblem of Besiktas symbolizes the foundation date. There are
two white and three black bars on the emblem. It consists of a
total of nine parts. The first white bar represents "one", the
three black bars represent "three", the second white bar
represents "one", and there are nine parts in total. Thus: 1319,
the year of the club's foundation. (The Arabic Calendar was
still used in the Ottoman Empire at the time of the club's
foundation. 1319 is 1903 in the modern calender.)
The Turkish flag which appears in Besiktas' emblem is the result
of a gift from the Turkish Football Federation. Besiktas earned
the right to incorporate the flag after it played against the
Greek national team as a Turkish national team on May 16, 1952.
No other Turkish team has a flag in its emblem, and moreover,
Besiktas is the only Turkish club in history which has played as
a national team.
Besiktas JK Honours, Trophies & Awards
Beşiktaş have been
league champions in the following seasons:
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