Tottenham Hotspur FC
Tottenham Hotspur FC Information
High Road, Tottenham, LONDON. N17 0AP
Tottenham Hotspur FC History
Tottenham Hotspur F.C. is a North
London association football team, also known by the nickname
Spurs. Their home ground is White Hart Lane in Tottenham. Their
motto is Audere Est Facere (To Dare Is To Do).
The club was formed in 1882 by boys from Hotspur cricket club
and from the local grammar school. Originally the club was known
as Hotspur FC. In 1884 the club was renamed Tottenham Hotspur
Football and Athletic Club.
The club has a long standing rivalry with its North London
neighbours Arsenal (formerly Woolwich Arsenal - originally from
South East London).
In the 1960-61 season, Spurs became the first team to achieve
the league and FA Cup double in the 20th century.
They are one of only three teams to win the FA Cup in
consecutive years since the end of the 19th century, the others
being Arsenal and Newcastle United and the only team to have
done so on two occasions. Tottenham Hotspur were the first and
so far only team to win the FA Cup as a non-league club; this
was in 1901 when Spurs were in the Southern League. Tottenham
were the first British club to win a European trophy - the
European Cup Winners' Cup in 1963.
Tottenham Hotspur have traditionally been one of the biggest
clubs in England.
Daniel Levy became chairman of the club in February 2001. Frank
Arnesen was appointed Sports Director in May 2004, and in June
it was announced that French national team coach Jacques Santini
would join Tottenham Hotspur as head coach following Euro 2004,
with Martin Jol taking up a post as his assistant. On November
5th 2004 however, Santini resigned for 'personal reasons'. Jol
was confirmed as his successor on November 8.
The most successful manager in Tottenham's history is Bill
Nicholson, who guided the club to major trophy success three
seasons in a row during the early 1960's - the League
Championship/F.A Cup double in 1961, F.A Cup in 1962 and
European Cup Winners Cup in 1963. Key players in the early
1960's Tottenham side included Danny Blanchflower, John White,
David Mackay and Jimmy Greaves. Blanchflower, the club captain,
later had a spell as Chelsea team manager and was later a
football writer until his death in 1993 at the age of 67.
Greaves also turned out for AC Milan and Chelsea and is the
third highest goalscorer of all time for the England team with
44 goals. White died at the age of 27 after being hit by
lightning on a golf course. Mackay later enjoyed success in
management when he guided Derby County to the League
Championship in 1975.
Tottenham still enjoyed some success in the early part of the
1980's, winning the F.A Cup in 1981 and 1982 and the UEFA Cup in
1984 under Keith Burkinshaw. The early 1980's team included
Argentinian players Osvaldo Ardiles and Ricardo Villa. The
club's next trophy success came in 1991 when they won the F.A
Cup for a then record eighth time under Terry Venables. Stars of
the 1991 F.A Cup winning side included Gary Lineker, Paul
Gascoigne and Vinny Samways. After winning the F.A Cup, Venables
went into partnership with Alan Sugar to take over the club (which
was £20million in debt) and became chief executive. In 1991-92,
Peter Shreeves took charge of team affairs (having previously
been in charge from 1984 to 1986) but quit after one season to
make way for the partnership of Doug Livermore and Ray Clemence.
In the inaugural 1992-93 Premier League, Livermore and Clemence
failed to establish themselves as top class managers and quit
after just one season. Soon after that, Venables was
controversially dismissed by the club's board and in came former
player Osvaldo Ardiles as his replacement. Ardiles had just won
the Division Two playoffs with West Bromwich Albion and was
hopeful of bringing the glory days back to White Hart Lane.
In 1993-94, Tottenham finished a disappointing 15th in the
Premiership after 14-goal striker Teddy Sheringham played just
19 games through injury. Soon after the end of the season the
club was investigated over illegal payments made to players
during the late 1980's and it was feared that they could be
demoted to Division One as punishment. When Tottenham admitted
financial irregularities, the club received the most severe
punishment ever handed out in English football - a £600,000
fine, 12 league points deducted and a 1-year ban from the F.A
Cup. On appeal, the fine was increased to £1.5million but the
number of points deducted was cut to six, while the F.A Cup ban
remained in place. But the deducted points and F.A Cup ban were
eventually quashed in a second appeal.
By the start of the 1994-95 season, Osvaldo Ardiles had added
three foreign stars to the Tottenham squad - German striker
Jurgen Klinsmann and Romanian midfielders Gheorghe Popescu and
Ilie Dumistrescu. Despite these additions to the squad, and the
consistency of striker Teddy Sheringham, Tottenham struggled in
the early stages of the season and Ardiles was sacked to make
way for QPR manager Gerry Francis.
Francis guided Tottenham to the F.A Cup semi finals and to a
seventh-place finish in the Premiership - still their highest
league finish since 1990. He remained in charge until November
1997, by which time Tottenham were bottom of the Premiership.
Swiss coach Christian Gross, who had won two Swiss league
championships with Grasshoppers Zurich, was appointed as the
club's new manager and guided them to safety, but soon after the
start of the 1998-99 season he was sacked with Tottenham
battling relegation again. The club's directors made a surprise
decision when appointing Leeds United manager George Graham as
the new manager at White Hart Lane - Graham was the man who had
delivered 6 major trophies to Tottenham's deadly rivals Arsenal
between 1986 and 1994.
Graham had a reasonable effect on Tottenham's fortunes. They won
the League Cup in his first season in charge and thus qualified
for the 1999-2000 UEFA Cup. But this improvement was
inconsistent and by the time he was sacked for breach of
contract in March 2001, the club was once again hovering above
the relegation zone.
George Graham's replacement was Glenn Hoddle, who had been a key
player at the club during the 1980's and had enjoyed moderate
success as a manager with Swindon Town, Chelsea, the England
team and more recently Southampton. He was full of ambition on
his arrival at Tottenham, intent on re-establishing them as one
of England's best teams. But a League Cup final losing
appearance in the 2001-02 season was as good as it got for
Tottenham under Hoddle, and he was sacked in September 2003
after two-and-a-half years in charge.
Director of Football David Pleat remained in charge until the
end of the 2003-04 season, when former France national coach
Jacques Santini was named as Hoddle's permanent replacement.
The 2004-05 Premiership campaign started well for Santini, who
was working under sporting director Frank Arnesen. But he
suddenly quit the club in November 2004, citing personal
reasons, and was replaced by assistant manager Martin Jol.
Tottenham are currently mid table in the Premiership - their
regular league position for most of the last 15 years - and it
remains to be seen whether Martin Jol is the right man to
restore this famous club's fortunes.
Tottenham Hotspur FC Honours, Trophies & Awards
Football League Champions 2
- FA Cup
1900-01, 1920-21, 1960-61, 1961-62,
1966-67, 1980-81, 1981-82, 1990-91.
Football League Cup Winners 3
1970-71, 1972-73, 1998-99
European Cup Winners' Cup Winners 1
Cup Winners 2
Football League Division Two Champions 2
Charity Shield Winners 7
1920-21, 1951-52, 1961-62, 1962-63,
1967-68 (joint), 1981-82 (joint),
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